"No Irish Need Apply"

"Sun Dance Song"

George Pullman invents the sleeping car (1864)

1865   Andrew Johnson is President of the United States
1866 "Father's a Drunkard and Mother is Dead"

Federal officials establish Peace Commission (1867)

First Reconstruction Act passed (1867)

National Grange founded (1867)

President Johnson impeached (1868)

Fourteenth amendment ratified (1868)

U.S. signs treaty with Plains Indians promising them a reservation in the Black Hills of the Dakotas (1868)

Sholes improves typewriter (1868)

Knights of Labor formed (1869)

Nation Women's Suffrage Association formed(1869)

First trans-continental railroad complete (1869)

Ulysses S. Grant is President of the United States (1869)


"John Henry"

"Crossing the Grand Sierras"

"Onward Christian Soldiers" (1865-71)

Thousands of blacks move to Kansas, calling themselves the Exodusters

Fifteenth Amendment ratified

cattle farming spreads west

Andrew Hallide invents the cable streetcar (1871)

Chicago fire (1871)

Confederate officials pardoned (1872)

Women's Christian Temperance Union formed (1874)

prospectors find gold in the Black Hills of the Dakotas (1874)


"Arwhoolie (Cornfield Holler)"

"I'll Take You Home Again Kathleen"

1876 "Home on the Range"

Sioux War (1876)

Battle of Little Big Horn (1876)

Colorado statehood (1876)

Alexander Graham Bell invents telephone (1876)

Railroad workers strike (1877)

First Ph.D. granted to a woman in the U.S. (1877)

1878 "Carry Me Back to Old Virginny"

Rutherford B. Hayes is president of the United States (1877)

Salvation Army formed (1878)

Edison invents the phonograph (1878)

Edison invents the first incandescent bulb (1879)


"The Farmer is the Man"

"Going to the Polls"

Helen Hunt Jackson publishes A Century of Dishonor (1881)

Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)

Standard Oil Trust formed (1882)

Statue of Liberty unveiled (1886)

American Federation of Labor formed (1886)

Haymarket Riot (1886)

American Protective Association formed to restrict immigration (1887)

Dawes Act (1887)

1885   Grover Cleveland is President of the United States
1888 "Drill Ye Tarriers, Drill"

Singer Manufacturing company invents the electric sewing machine (1889)

Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Washington become states (1889)

1890 "Mule Skinner Blues"

Benjamin Harrison is President of the United States (1889)

Congress passes the Sherman Antitrust Act

Jim Crow Laws

Idaho and Wyoming become states


"The New America"

"The Bowery"

Carnegie Steel Founded (1892)

Populist Party Formed (1892)

1893 "America the Beautiful"

The Duryea brothers invent the gas powered car

last major cross-country railroad line complete

Pullman Strike (1894)

Populists support William Jennings Bryan for President (1896)

Utah statehood (1896)

Plessy v. Ferguson permits segregation (1896)


"The Stars and Stripes Forever"

"Break the News to Mother"

1897-98 Alaska Gold Rush

William McKinley is President of the United States

Battleship Maine explodes in Havana, Cuba (1898)

1899 "Before I'd Be a Slave (Oh, Freedom)"

half a million farmers have settled on the Great Plains (1900)

International Ladies Garment Worker's Union formed (1900)

half of the newspapers in the world are printed in the U.S. (1900)

Macy's Department Store opens (1902)

The Wright Brothers test their airplane at Kitty Hawk, NC (1903)

New York subway opens (1904)

Meat Inspection Act; Pure Food and Drug Act (1906)

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