1859

Dixie's Land

"John Brown's Body"

 

1860

 

Slaves make up 1/3 of the population in the South

South Carolina secedes

Chivington Massacre

1861

"Bonnie Blue Flag"

"The Vacant Chair"

"Deep River" (no date)

Abraham Lincoln is President of the United States

Kansas statehood

Confederacy founded

Fall of Ft. Sumter

Battle of Bull Run

Congress passes first income tax law

1862

"We Are Coming, Father Abraam"

"Just Before the Battle, Mother"

"Song of the Southern Volunteer"

"Battle Hymn of the Republic"

Emancipation Proclamation

Battles of Shiloh and Antietam

Congress signs law allowing African Americans to join the military

Confederacy passes draft law

1863

"When Johnny Comes Marching Home"

West Virginia statehood

Congress passes draft law

New York draft riots

Battle of Chancellorsville; Stonewall Jackson killed

Battles of Charlottesville and Gettysburg

Lincoln's Gettysburg Address

1864

"Marching Through Georgia"

Atlanta falls

Nevada statehood

Wade-Davis bill

George Pullman invents the sleeping car

Thirteenth Amendment proposed

1865

 

Freedmen's Bureau established

Lee surrenders at Appomattox

Lincoln Assassinated

Joint committee on reconstruction established

Thirteenth Amendment ratified

Andrew Johnson is President of the United States

1866

"Goober Peas"

 

1867

"No More Auction Block for Me"

"Johnny I Hardly Knew Ye"

"Roll Jordan, Roll"

First Reconstruction Act passed

Nebraska statehood

Federal officials establish Peace Commission

National Grange formed

President Johnson impeached (1868)

Fourteenth amendment ratified (1868)

U.S. signs treaty with Plains Indians promising them a reservation in the Black Hills of the Dakotas (1868)

George Westinghouse invents the air brake (1868)

Ulysses S. Grant is elected President of the United States (1869)

Nation Women's Suffrage Association formed (1869)

Edison invents the electric voting machine (1869)

First transcontinental railroad complete (1869)

1870

"I'm a Good Old Rebel"

Congress declares it illegal to use force to keep people from voting

Fifteenth amendment

buffalo herds destroyed

Cattle Kingdom

Thousands of blacks move to Kansas, calling themselves the Exodusters

Cattle farming spreads west