Historical Background


Beginning and End of Unit Activities; Assessment Strategies

"No More Auction Block for Me"
Anonymous, 1867
African American protest song

"Dixie's Land"
Daniel Decatur Emmett, 1859
Minstrel song that became the anthem of the South

"John Brown's Body"
Words by Anonymous; tune "Say, Brothers, Will You Meet Us?", 1859
Popular Union marching song and rallying cry lamenting the death of John Brown

"I'm a Good Old Rebel"
Words by Major James Innes Randolph; tune "Joe Bowers," ca. 1867
A bitter lament over the fall of the Confederacy

"The Bonnie Blue Flag"
Words by Harry McCarthy; tune "The Irish Jaunting Car," 1861
Unofficial Confederate anthem celebrating the Confederate flag

"We Are Coming, Father Abraam, 300,000 More"
Words by James Sloan Gibbons; music by Stephen Foster, 1862
Written in response to Lincoln's call for 300,000 more volunteers

"Marching Through Georgia"
Henry Clay Work, 1864
Song celebrating Sherman's devastating march through Georgia

"Just Before the Battle, Mother"
George F. Root, 1862
Somber parlor ballad in which a soldier bids his mother farewell

"Goober Peas"
Words by A. Pindar, Esq.; music by P. Nutt, Esq., 1866
Humorous army song lamenting a diet of peanuts

"Song of the Southern Volunteers"
Anonymous, 1861
A woman's perspective on the honor of being a Southern Volunteer

"The Vacant Chair"
Words by Henry S. Washburn; music by George F. Root, 1861
A song about the loss of war hitting home, written at the time of the first Thanksgiving

"Johnny I Hardly Knew Ye"
Traditional, first published 1867
A young wife responds to her wounded husband's return from war

"When Johnny Comes Marching Home"
Patrick S. Gilmore, 1863
Popular song about a soldier's return after the war

"Deep River"
African American spiritual

"Battle Hymn of the Republic"
Words by Julia Ward Howe; tune "John Brown's Body," 1862
Union anthem set to the tune of "John Brown's Body"

"Roll, Jordan, Roll"
Traditional, 1800s
A coded spiritual created by enslaved African Americans, based on an 18th-century Methodist Hymn.

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