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Graham, Nancy L. They Bear Acquaintance: African American Spirituals and the Camp Meetings. Peter Lang, 2016.

Gura, Philip F., and James F. Bollman. America's Instrument: The Banjo in the Nineteenth Century. U of North Carolina P, 1999.

Hamm, Charles. Yesterdays: Popular Song in America. Norton, 1979.

Miller, Kiri. Traveling Home: Sacred Harp Singing and American Pluralism. U of Illinois P, 2008.

Morrison, Matthew D. "Race, Blacksound, and the (Re)Making of Musicological Discourse." Journal of the American Musicological Society, vol. 72, no. 3, 2019, pp. 781–823.

Nicholls, David, editor. The Cambridge History of American Music. Cambridge UP, 1998.

Potter, Dorothy T. 'Food for Apollo': Cultivated Music in Antebellum Philadelphia. Lehigh UP, 2011.

Steel, David Warren, and Richard Huffman Hulan. The Makers of 'The Sacred Harp.' U of Illinois P, 2010.

Thompson, Katrina Dyonne. Ring Shout, Wheel About: The Racial Politics of Music and Dance in North American Slavery. U of Illinois P, 2014.